No matter the location it is well-known that the ways students learn and perform on academic tests are greatly affected by the quality of their teachers. The Express Tribune has released an article highlighting the many ways Pakistan will cultivate better teachers and training.

Over the years many methods have been put forth to improve teaching quality, and now these methods have settled on hiring transparency and a merit-based recruitment system.

In the past, hiring teachers was a difficult process hampered by politics, nepotism, and a lack of transparency.

In recent years, Pakistan has seen many improvements in provinces. Here are the improvements seen with two provinces:


According to government statistics, there are 150,243 public sectors in the Sindh province.

Though these sectors have been improving steadily, there is still a long way to go. The provincial government has outlined a merit-based system for hiring teachers. You can find this information in the Sindh Education Sector Plan 2014-18, if you’d like.

Teachers are required to take a test through the National Testing Service (NTS) to prove they are qualified. Implemented in 2012, the criteria for passing this test is 60% or more, and teachers won’t be hired without passing. Administering this test, and verifying scores takes a long time, but the benefits to students, and the school district, are worth it.

After the NTS test is taken, a merit list is posted publicly with each candidate’s scores. Female candidates who pass are given 20 extra marks to create a more balanced number of male and female teachers. This merit list is a great start to the transparent system mentioned earlier that should improve Pakistan’s education system.

After passing the test, the District Recruitment Committee (DRC) checks candidate’s eligibility and confirms their credentials. When this step is complete the Reform Support Unit (RSU) receives a report, and then sends it to the World Bank. Teachers are then able to apply for positions.

This new system of merit-based selection and transparency will hopefully solve the large rates of ghost teaching in Sindh. Due to the country’s underdeveloped tracking system there are teachers on payroll who don’t come to work.

A large downside of this vetting process are the many stakeholders, which leads to delays in processing teacher’s applications. Though it may take some time, a solution will be found for this problem.


The Balochistan province has two tests for teachers, depending on what grade level they teach. The Balochistan Testing Service (BTS) is for elementary and middle school teachers, and the National Testing Service (NTS) is for high school teachers. These tests may pave the way for a cleaner hiring process that involves less politics.

Teachers must have an Associate Degree for Education (ADE) to work in the public sectors, and a Master’s in Education (MEd) with another Master’s degree in their specialization to teach at colleges.

While the National Testing Service (NTS) is used often in the education field of Pakistan, other tests of importance are the Open Testing Service (OTS) and the Pakistan Testing Service (PTS). The OTS administers a test which helps organizations see the potential abilities of applicants, and various other functions.

Find out more about PTS and OTS’s vital testing services that may help you get employed.